Do you dislike wood or stone fences? Replace them with a picturesque hedge. With proper care, it is much more durable and reliable than the strongest fences! We will tell you how to make a hedge with your own hands - what plants to use, how to feed and trim a hedge from conifers and deciduous species.
Linden hedge is the most popular element of Russian manor gardens
Your hedge may consist of coniferous or deciduous trees. In any case, choose steadily growing and well wintering where your summer cottage stands. For example, hornbeam, boxwood, privet, yew in the Moscow Region climate do not feel very comfortable. But cotoneaster, dogrose, hawthorn, barberry and spruce grow excellently!
Planting a hedge
The main thing in caring for the hedge is the correct haircut. We have to master two cutting technologies: formative and supporting.
The first is necessary for the correct formation of the crown in young plants of the green “screen”. We carry out such pruning in the first 4–5 years of their life. Immediately after planting, we cut the seedlings at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground. This will give an incentive to the rapid growth of shoots at the base. Pruning will help to obtain a dense hedge with a large number of shoots in the future.
In the 1st year after planting, plants only take root in a new place. Our main task during this period is to loosen the soil around the seedlings, water them in dry weather and weed.
In the 2nd year of life, in June-July, we cut the plants by one third or half of the annual growth. After this, the growth of the lateral and central shoots will increase. This will allow us to get a thick, smooth, beautiful crown.
For 3-4 years, this pruning will be repeated. After the necessary height and density of the hedge is reached, we switch from the forming crop to the supporting one. In other words, we begin to create a profile.
The classical form of the profile, time-tested, is recognized as trapezoidal, or conical. That is, a wide bottom and a narrower top. This form provides the best light conditions for plants. The lower side branches are well lit and become more bushy.
To ensure that the profile when cutting the hedge is even, use different devices - a stretched wire, wooden slats, patterns. For example, it’s convenient for me to cut using a homemade template made of slats and thick wire. It is a wire stretched on slats, knocked down in the shape of the letter "G". I attach the template on either side of the crown, and cut off the shoots that get out of shape.
View of hedge from yew from the north
How to cut a hedge
A hedge is sheared every year, 2-3 times per season. The first time - in May-June, the second - at the end of July, the third - in August. Remember: the more we cut, the more sleeping kidneys wake up. Accordingly, the more lateral shoots appear. Trim the back, invisible, poorly lit part of the hedge.
What is the difference between the approach to cutting hedges from deciduous and coniferous species? You can make mistakes when cutting - shorten the shoot more than necessary, or cut off a branch that is important in the formation of habitus. In this case, for hardwood fences, the situation, although difficult, can be corrected. The hedge of spruce (ordinary, Serbian, prickly) requires very careful handling. For example, erroneous trimming of a trunk older than 3 years will lead to the death of the plant.
A little easier to cut hedges from the arborvitae and juniper. Due to the natural density and density of the crown, the “blemishes” of the haircut are less noticeable. Yes, and make it easier!
We will support the given form of coniferous hedges with garden scissors. At the same time, we will try to finish all the "hairdressing" events by the end of June. At this time, spring shoot growth ends, and the laying of new buds has not yet occurred.
When cutting, be sure to remove the seeds. They are very energy intensive and, ripening, weaken the plants.
Remember: together with the removed leaves and shoots, plants lose their nutrients. Therefore, after trimming, they need to be thoroughly watered and well fed.
View of hedge from yew from the south
Fertilizing hedge plants
Deciduous and coniferous plants feed differently.
We will “feed” the deciduous hedge according to the usual pattern for most plants. In the spring we introduce nitrogen fertilizers - urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate (at the rate of 60–80 g per 1 sq. M). At the end of summer, superphosphate (60–80 g per sq. M) and potassium nitrate (30–40 g per sq. M). In the fall we make compost at the rate of 3-4 kg per square meter. m
Coniferous hedge does not tolerate excess nitrogen. She prefers liquid fertilizers with the most complete composition - with a content of at least 12-14 microelements. And with the obligatory presence of magnesium! The soil under the hedge of thuja must be deoxidized with dolomite flour, also containing magnesium.
For conifers, two top dressings per season are sufficient. The first is done in May, when growth points wake up. The second - at the end of August for the ripening of annual growth and preparation for winter. All top dressing is carried out only in liquid form, that is, according to the sheet. We don’t bring anything except dolomite flour into the near-stem circle.
Do not forget that the needles are the lungs of plants. And since coniferous foliage is not discarded, it is very polluted. Therefore, several times during the season we wash the foliage with a strong stream of water from a hose with a spray.
How to treat and rejuvenate hedges?
A hedge is a large number of plants in a limited space. It is clear that not everyone is fully lacking water, and nutrients, and light. And also the annual haircut, as a result of which up to 20% of the green mass is removed from the plant! All this can lead to metabolic disorders. As a result, the plants weaken after a few years and may become ill.
If bald spots appear in the green mass of the hedge, the lower part of the plants is bare or twisted, our green “screen” loses its decorativeness. Then you have to resort to radical methods of rejuvenation. True, at the same time, many years of labor on the formation of the fence disappear. But then the plants themselves are preserved.
Complete rejuvenation of hedges
The rejuvenation operation is carried out as follows. In early spring, we cut the trunks of plants at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground. We cover the places of cuts with garden varieties, water them and treat the stumps with a growth stimulator. This will ensure the rapid growth of new shoots. The surface of the soil is mulched.
On stumps, the growth of new shoots will occur much faster than on young plants, since the root system is already quite developed. 2-3 years after complete rejuvenation, the attractive appearance of your hedge will be restored.
A beautiful and well-kept hedge will not only give you aesthetic pleasure, but also help to delimit the garden space. In the summer, it will protect the garden from the drying winds, and in the spring it will hold snow on the site for deep moistening of the soil.
Types of hedges in landscape design
The world of plants is incredibly vast, but not all are suitable for solving the tasks facing the summer resident. The choice of plants depends on the intended appearance of the future fence and its purpose.
- for external fencing of the site,
- for dividing the territory inside for functional purpose,
- for framing flower beds and garden paths, lawns and mixborders.
At the same time, planting can be of different heights and densities, evergreen and retaining foliage only in the warm season. Shrubs for hedges give strict forms with a haircut, or the plants retain their natural form throughout life. Fences from interwoven live shoots of bushes or trees look especially decorative.
To give the fence the proper density or originality, plants are planted in one, two or three rows.
When planting a living wall, sometimes not one species is used, but several decorative plants at once, the main thing is that they have a similar growth rate, frost resistance, as well as requirements for soil composition and care.
A great example of this approach will be a hedge of different types of currants:
- golden or fragrant
- blood red.
Evergreens for hedges
Fences and borders grown on the basis of evergreen crops are very popular for a number of reasons. Among them:
- high density green fence
- decorativeness, preserved even in the cold season,
- easy portability of a haircut, which can not be dispensed with if the hedges have to betray a clear shape,
- slow growth of shoots, helping to maintain a neat appearance of the bush for a long time.
In addition, evergreens for hedges do not require complex care and are universal. Unfortunately, not many such cultures are adapted to Russian conditions. Almost all of them are conifers.
The leaders in popularity are:
- spruce of various subspecies,
- juniper ordinary,
- mountain dwarf pine.
With the help of plants of modern varieties with needles in green, silver and golden colors, it is possible to bypass one of the weakest sides of conifers - the monotony of hedge coloring.
Evergreen shrubs, such as juniper, are used when planting hedges from deciduous plants. Gradually interwoven crowns strengthen each other. The conifer stains the fence in green tones all year round, and deciduous culture makes its appearance bright and variable.
Deciduous crops for hedges in the country
Coniferous fences are almost a classic. But what better way to make a hedge if you want to decorate the site with something original?
Numerous leafy crops will come to the rescue of the summer resident, which:
- well adapted to the climate of the middle zone,
- do not require laborious care and special conditions
- they tolerate pruning painlessly,
- form a crown dense enough for the fence,
- change their appearance throughout the year, determining the seasonal appearance of the site.
When choosing species for hedges in the country, it is better to give preference to plants that have proven their unpretentiousness and winter hardiness. Small-leaved varieties with highly branched shoots have proven themselves best as fences.
The list of such shrubs and medium-sized plants is quite large:
- yellow acacia or caragana,
- small-leaved elm
- laurel cherry
- chokeberry chokeberry,
- honeysuckle of infertile varieties,
- white derain
At the disposal of the summer resident there are dozens of worthy deciduous plants, which not only form a reliable and durable hedge, but also attract attention with variegated foliage like barberry or derain, lush flowering characteristic of spiraea (photo), mock orange, lilac, fieldfare, vesicle, viburnum or hydrangea. A lot of plants with decorative or edible fruits. These shrubs include barberry and spindle tree, chokeberry, golden currant, quail and blackthorn. The site is especially charming with species that change from season to season, like white derain.
Selection of plants for molded hedges
The green fences of geometric shapes achieved through regular haircuts look incredibly beautiful. However, not all of the above leafy crops can withstand a similar procedure. Which shrub is suitable for a simple hedge?
For plantings that have to maintain strict, preset cropping shapes for many years, it is most important to choose plants with frequent branching of shoots and small, rapidly renewed foliage. This will help to create a semblance of a dense living wall, a border, an arch above a gate and other designs.
Not only does pruning a hedge do not harm such crops, the crown of bushes becomes denser from year to year and better copes with the protective function of the fence.
Another feature of strict forms of shrubs suitable for planting is a small annual growth. The choice of plants in this case is considerable. It:
- numerous species and varieties of barberry, distinguishing not only the height, but also the color of dense foliage.
- hawthorn and vesicle with green or purple foliage,
- alpine and golden currants,
- thuja western,
No matter how resistant the plants may be to shearing, they should be subjected to this procedure extremely carefully, having a certain skill in such work.
Having decided to grow a fence of a rectangular and then more rounded shape on your site, you will have to stock up with patience and special scissors for a hedge.
Landscaping Freely Growing Hedges
If painstaking work on the formation of shrubs is not to your liking, but closer to natural beauty, the plants are planted at a small distance from each other so that the crowns intersect, but do not give a uniform shape. On the side, such a hedge seems airy, but inside its interwoven branches create a strong, impenetrable frame.
What is the best way to make a free type hedge? Since the plants are not specially sheared, their crowns are actively growing and can take up a lot of space on the site. Ornamental shrubs in adulthood can have a crown diameter of 50 cm to 3 meters. This is taken into account when selecting crops for planting.
It is difficult to implement such a project in summer cottages of a small area, but you can plant a low-growing border, for example, from Japanese quince, euonymus, some varieties of arborvitae and juniper. If the summer resident is not constrained in the area, the list of shrubs and even small trees expands significantly, including flowering, decorative foliage and fruit species.
What to plant in a hedge? For an unpretentious green fence, almost maintenance-free and excellent wintering in central Russia, it is suitable:
- Tatar honeysuckle
- barberry, creating a dense prickly protection for the site,
- spirea of almost all cultural varieties,
- Hungarian and common lilacs,
- park roses of different types and heights.
In order to make the hedge in landscape design not only an adornment, but also a real defense, it is reinforced with a second tier. It can be higher than the first or lower.
Often, the second row is trimmed into the shape of a wall or border to support and limit hydrangea, lilac, park roses and other plants. In winter, thanks to such support, the hedge retains density, and when using conifers, it also remains opaque.
How to make a hedge?
Work on the laying of planting trenches and planting of plants begins only after creating an accurate thought-out plan for the hedge. Green walls up to 2 meters high are more suitable for the external borders of the site, and in some cases, for example, in the vicinity of a busy highway and higher. Inside the area for zoning space and bordering, borders from 50 cm to a meter high are suitable.
Before you make a hedge, based on the average height of the plants and the width of their crown, calculate the required number of shrubs. On each running meter planted:
- 1-2 large specimens, for example, hawthorn, common lilac, ierga, chokeberry, vesicle,
- 3-5 plants of medium size, which include viburnum, derain, snowberry, barberry, honeysuckle,
- 5–7 shrubs with a low crown, for example, Japanese quince, spirea, individual varieties of euonymus and thuja.
For a single-row planting along the line of the future hedge, a trench is excavated with a width of 40-50 and a depth of 50-60 cm. The more rows of plants, the greater the volume of land work. With each row of bushes, the landing trench becomes wider by 30 or 40 cm.
Planting is carried out in mid-spring using 3-year-old conifers or 2-year-old deciduous seedlings. Such planting material quickly enough and painlessly takes root. In multi-row hedges, planting is carried out in a checkerboard pattern, adhering to the above-described intervals between shrubs. In molded fences, plants are located closer to each other, and in free plantings - a little further.
When to plant a hedge
The best time to create a hedge is spring. Planning of planting measures is necessary for the period after the final snow melting, when the earth has dried out from spring water. The best moment: the top layer is 10 cm dry, and below melt moisture is still retained. Winter-hardy species, if desired, can be planted not only in spring but also in autumn. In this case, the yellowing of leaves on trees / shrubs will be a signal for planting.
It is important to consider not only the season, but also the weather. For example, loam or clay should not be used after rains. The survival process in over-dried land will also be difficult.
How to plant a hedge
The depth of the landing pit should be sufficient: not less than 30 cm, for tall bushes an even greater depth of 50-70 will be required. On the dug trench, again pull the rope so that it runs in the center - this will be the landing line. So it will be easier to navigate, and the landing will be in the form of a straight line.
A rounded fence requires creating a border according to the lines of your plan. Неоднородные по разветвлённости и высоте саженцы нужно при посадке чередовать по принцу «меленький-большой».
Деревья и высокий кустарник (пузыреплодник, барбарис, боярышник) высаживаются по 2-3 шт. на погонный метр. Среднерослые (снежноягодник, кизильник) – по 4—5 растений. A undersized shrub that does not grow more than a meter (spirea, mahonia) is planted tightly in a checkerboard pattern. There should be 5-6 bushes per meter in the trench. To create dense thickets, there are options for two or three row plantings.
Deciduous species are planted with a bare root, if it is too long it is recommended to slightly shorten it and remove the damaged roots. Evergreens and conifers are planted with an earthen lump, the edges of which should be slightly stretched. The root neck after planting should remain on the surface. To eliminate the voids in the ground, the soil around each seedling must be compacted / compacted and the soil spilled qualitatively. Then, in the shrubs, the aerial part is shortened by 10-20 cm.
The planted area is mulched (bark, peat). It is not necessary to make a thick layer, 3-5 cm are enough. The first year of planting needs regular watering, in which the soil is moistened by 30-40 cm.
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The article contains detailed information about the hedge for a private house, which will help you understand the nuances of arrangement: which plants to choose, how to plant them correctly. We will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of each, so that you know what problems you will encounter in the process of growing.
Hedgerow not only decorates the site, but also take care of clean air
What is the best way to make a hedge? fast growing hedge
It all depends on the function that the fence from the hedge, the owner’s wallet and personal preferences should perform. Plants can be very different: deciduous or evergreen, curly or with a straight strong trunk, spiky and smooth, tall and knee-deep, thick and fairly loose.
Some can fulfill their purpose along the border of the plot with their neighbors, others can frame the perimeter of the flowerbed. First, decide what you want first. If you fence yourself from the eyes of a neighbor, then the fence should be high and dense. Plants for him can be planted in 2 rows.
When a “live” hedge runs along the border as a picturesque frame, the height is not important. In this case, you need to pay attention to the decorative qualities and combination with the nearest neighbors. For most, the price tag and unpretentiousness are still important.
Which plants are best to choose for hedges on the site, you decide. Take a look at the most common for this purpose:
Spruce trees planted in a row can also become a kind of hedge, but they grow for a long time, and when they become very large they will close the yard from the sun
When choosing a plant for your garden, pay attention to whether this plant is evergreen or deciduous. Evergreens most often have a long growth process. In addition, all of them (pine, spruce, larch), except thuja, pose a certain danger when they grow up. The disadvantage of deciduous is the loss of its functional features in winter. Many are also very littered with leaves in the fall.
On our site you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of developing projects for landscaping sites and landscaping of any complexity. You can talk directly with representatives by visiting the Low-Rise Country exhibition of houses.
What shrubs can be used for hedges
Creating a hedge requires a serious approach. You need to think over everything so that you don’t redo it later. In order to fence off neighbors, not only shrubs, but also climbing plants can come up. True, they will require strong support, but they will create a dense mass of leaves.
One of these is the girl's grape. It is unpretentious, growing fast. And after a few years, it will require strict control so that it does not crawl around the site. If you appear relatively rarely on the site, then this option is unlikely to suit you. It is necessary to plant such plants for which regular care will not be necessary.
Any shrubs require pruning, forming a "fence"
For example, almost any berry shrubs are suitable for hedges in the country:
currant red, white, golden,
black mountain ash (chokeberry aronia),
If you want to not only protect your garden from prying eyes and stray animals, but also to harvest useful products, then you should think about creating a hedge of berry bushes. They also need to be trimmed regularly to control height. At the same time, aesthetics will be preserved, and picking berries will be much more convenient.
Strawberries over a wicker fence made of twigs - harvest from such a fence is easier to collect
Of the disadvantages of such a fence can be called the following:
They cannot be used along the highway as protection against exhaust and dust. Or as an option - do not pick berries from such bushes. But do not forget that others can do it.
Most of these plants produce copious shoots, which are difficult to control, given the length of the boundaries of the site.
Measures to improve fruiting and high-quality live fencing often contradict each other (thickening, attitude to the shoots). Therefore, you have to sacrifice a crop to make a dense and beautiful hedge of bushes.
Harvest will be not only you, but also the neighbors.
If you are going to opt for berry shrubs, you must choose from those listed in height, the presence of shoots and thorns. For example, raspberries will grow about 2 meters, but give a shoot that on one side makes the "fence" denser, and on the other - takes the strength of fruiting branches.
Often in the country you can see a hedge of blackberries, but it does not always look perfect, because it grows very much
Irga will not grow without watering, but when creating favorable conditions it will give a lot of berries and a good fence. In addition, it can withstand severe frosts. Rosehip will not grow very quickly, but with the help of thorns it will help to protect itself from uninvited guests and animals. Currants can form dense rows, but its bushes do not grow more than one and a half meters.
Cherry will grow remarkably in any area, but will give copious growth, which will be difficult to fight. The lack of viburnum is in frequent damage by pests. Thus, studying the pros and cons of each plant, you need to choose it "for yourself" so that care does not take much time.
Ideas for inspiration and creating a hedge on a site in the video:
On our website you can find contacts of construction companies that offer the service of design and construction of small architectural forms - arbors, awnings and other turnkey. You can talk directly with representatives by visiting the Low-Rise Country exhibition of houses.
Selection of hedge shrubs
When choosing plants, first of all decide on a place for them. Mentally imagine this place in 5-10 years, at a time when the hedge will grow more than human growth. Plan ahead how wide it will grow, where and how much the shadow will fall.
Many experienced gardeners advise planting trees rather than shrubs as a green hedge. The arguments are as follows: the growth rate (larch, birch), unpretentiousness.
Larch green hedge
Why is this not worth doing? Such trees eventually form a huge crown, which is almost impossible to form. Their roots extend several meters in diameter. They suck out water and nutrients from the soil in proportion to their size.
Bushes for hedges have many advantages:
they are more compact than trees,
amenable to cropping and shaping,
much less effort will be required to remove the green fence.
When choosing a place, do not forget about regular watering. For the first time, planted plants will require a lot of moisture. Over time, watering can be reduced. After 2-4 years, the fence can be watered only on dry days.
Overview of fast-growing perennial shrubs for hedges in the country
Not all shrubs that form a beautiful dense hedge grow quickly. For example, thuja in the beginning grow very slowly. Annual growth is 5-10 cm. Gradually, the pace increases to 30 cm, and over 10 years they can reach two meters in height. Of course, landing and care are of great importance.
When choosing plants for planting, you need to consider their features
Types of fast-growing hedge shrubs:
Bubble. Fast growing plant. In landscape design, the commonweed, with beautiful leaves, is especially known. Different varieties can have different colors: maroon - Diabolo, Andre, Lady in Red, Red Baron, green - Amur, Nanus, yellow - Luteus, Darts Gold.
Bubble can grow as a separate shrub, or planted in a row for a hedge.
Lilac. It grows very quickly, it is possible and necessary to cut to the desired height. Without a haircut, it can grow more than 3 meters. One of the most unpretentious plants, practically does not get sick. But it has one drawback: some varieties give copious growth, which must be constantly removed.
Abundant flowering in spring, freshness from bright green leaves in summer
Mocker. This shrub is better known as jasmine. In summer, fragrant white flowers appear on it. Can be trimmed. From several plants it is possible to form a dense hedge of the desired height.
Chubushnik or "bride" is often found in city parks
Willow. It grows very fast, besides unpretentious. Many ignore this shrub only because of its mediocrity. This is not entirely true. Now on sale there are many varieties of willow, which differ in leaf shape, height. But, all lend themselves well to a haircut. Of some, you can even create shapes: purple willow and winding.
Forming a willow fence is not an easy process, but it turns out beautifully
It might be interesting! In the article at the following link, read about beautiful fences for private homes.
Spirea. It has many diverse species and varieties that may be completely different from each other. The height of different spirae ranges from 15 cm to 2 meters. Some of them are perfectly trimmed and need to be trimmed (oak-leaved spirea, Japanese spirea), others (gray spirea) have a natural shape.
Low-grade spirea is more used to protect garden paths from lawns and the garden
Doeren. A fast-growing shrub that reaches a height of 3 meters. Easy to prune, forms dense thickets. Its only drawback is that in winter, like all deciduous, it loses decorativeness. Keep in mind that derain loves water.
Derain is beautiful with the proper approach, but in winter, like all deciduous shrubs, it loses its appeal
Dogrose. A prickly version of the fence through which it will be difficult to pass. Its height will not be higher than human height, but maintaining the growth, it is possible to achieve such a density that neighboring animals circumvent the site. The advantage of this bush is its high decorativeness during flowering. Minus - the abundance of overgrowth and difficulties in processing due to thorns.
Rosehip can be used for hedges, but it is difficult to work with it because of the thorns
the Rose. Despite the fact that in the minds of many, a rose is a moody, heat-loving flower, this is not entirely true. Now there are many frost-resistant varieties (for example, Canadian roses) that can withstand temperatures up to -40 ° C. There are so-called park roses, from which you can form an excellent hedge.
Roses planted in a dense row become a beautiful fence, but for the winter period it is better to choose special varieties
Of the above plants, the vesicle and willow grow faster. If they create favorable conditions: watering, top dressing, lighting, then after 2 years they will create a high and fairly dense fence.
Green hedge in the country from shrubs and trees
Among them there are both shrubs and trees:
Pay attention to barberry. This is not to say that it is growing rapidly, but at the same time it turns out to be a 2-meter impenetrable hedge with huge spikes. He does not give growth, and in the fall pleases the eye with purple foliage and an abundance of berries. Thunderberg Atropurpurea barberry has red foliage all season.
A shrub of barberry with red leaves does not need to be decorated with flowers or berries - it already looks beautiful
Which thujas are best suited for hedges
Most often, the choice falls on one of two varieties: Brabant or Smaragd. Thuja western Brabant is characterized by high winter hardiness and unpretentiousness. But, despite this, at first it must be sheltered for the winter. After 2-3 years, when her root gets stronger, she will be able to winter without shelter. It grows to 5 meters, does not suffer from frequent haircuts.
Thuja is the best way to take care of the health of the owners of the yard by clearing the air around
Thuya Smaragd has a height of up to 8 meters. Just like Brabant is able to clean the air from pollution. But, unlike the previous variety, it has a dense pyramidal crown. Due to its natural form, the plant does not need to be cut, but only trimmed.
Thuja Kolumna. It differs in a narrow columnar shape. The height of an adult tree is from 6 to 8 meters, but it stops at 4.5-5 meters. It is able to keep the shape of the crown on its own, but also, like other varieties, can be trimmed. Crohn thuja Kolumna is lighter and lighter than Smaragd.
An evergreen shorn hedge is suitable for those who have the time and financial ability not only to plant, but also to care for the thuja. To create dense landings, many copies will be required, each of which is sold in stores at a fairly high price. Care and haircut require special attention.
Thuja in spring suffer from burns, if you overlook them. The rest are quite unpretentious plants that can grow in the shade and on any soil. They give a small increase in the first years - 8-10 cm, then - 20 cm. 6-10-year-old seedlings are able to grow already 30 cm, depending on the variety.