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How to set up an Internet connection on a computer via cable?

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Good time!

Russia is a large country, and the problem of communication from different parts of our country has always been relevant. With the development of Internet technologies, this problem is partially solved, however, here everything is far from simple.

In this article, I decided to consider various ways to connect to the Internet. I do not set out to tell all the subtleties of each option. Perhaps the mission of this article is different - to introduce you to different options and ways to connect, perhaps to give the idea to search for something better.

Simply, at one time I was very surprised how people still manage to "sit" on Dial-Up connections, when providers with "dedicated" (Ethernet) came to our city for a couple of years. It turns out that many simply did not yet know that you can connect to this Internet service provider almost for free and get a speed ten times faster!

And so, I complete the memories, and move on to the topic.

Dynamics vs. Statics

Now check with the provider which connection it offers on your tariff plan: dynamic or static.

With dynamic connection your IP address may change depending on the settings of the provider (and if you intend to subsequently connect to your workstation remotely, this may interfere with you). But the manipulations with entering the parameters are reduced to a minimum: the provider sets the IP address, subnet mask and the main gateway on their own. In this case, just insert the cable into the computer and that’s all, Internet access will appear.

Static connection provides a static IP address assigned to your computer (or router, if you decide to connect through one). In this case, you will need to manually specify the IP address, subnet mask and main gateway in the connection settings. Usually, all these obscure numbers and letters fit into the access agreement or in the annex to it. If necessary, you can check them in the technical support service by naming your data.

In some cases, access also requires a username and password (do not confuse Internet access as such with access to your personal account on the provider's website - data is required for your personal account).

How to connect

Consider the procedure in stages.

  • Insert the plug of the Ethernet cable into the apartment into the appropriate port on the computer. Even if you have never done this before, confusing something with this type of connector and plug will not work.

  • Right-click on the "Start" button and find the section "Control Panel - Network and Internet - Network and Sharing Center." In the left column, select the "change adapter settings" tab. A list of your adapters will appear in the main window (more precisely, in our case, one adapter “Local Area Connection”). Re-apply the “right click” corona technique and select “Properties”.

  • A small pop-up window contains a whole column of various rows with properties. Select the line “IP version 4 (TCP / IPv4)” in them. While it is highlighted, click the Properties button below the list box.

Now our instruction forks. Have you checked with your provider which IP is provided to you? If not, check now.

  • If dynamic, then trust the automatic selection in the IP address and DNS server settings.
  • If static, then you have to enter the values ​​manually. As a rule, you need to specify "IP address", "Subnet mask", "Main gateway" and "DNS server". After completing the data entry, click OK to save the selection.

  • If a modem is required for the connection, enter its default address as the IP address, usually it is 192.168.1.1. If the modem has a different IP (which is rare), it is indicated on the bottom of the modem itself or in its instructions.
  • Typically, the provider provides DNS server data, but sometimes this is omitted. Then you can use universal ones:

1) Google’s public DNS: 8.8.8.8 or 8.8.4.4 - a universal solution, usually suitable for all computers

2) OpenDNS - 208.67.220.220 and 208.67.222.222

3) Yandex DNS with its own anti-virus filter - 77.88.88.88 or 77.88.8.2 - if you trust the Yandex anti-virus policy (although sometimes it may be considered an unreliable and quite decent site)

4) Yandex DNS with a filter of pornography and other obscene content - 77.88.8.7 or 77.88.8.3 - although depending on what you actually need from the Internet, hehe.

  • We repeat: if remote access is important for you, make sure the provider supports that your IP will not change.

Configure L2TP

If your ISP offers L2TP access, this may require some additional action on your part. Typically, the provider provides instructions for setting up such a specific type of connection, but on our part, it also does not hurt to duplicate.

So, to configure L2TP, you need:

  1. Go to the section “Network and Sharing Center” already known to us and choose to create a new connection
  2. Unlike the previous options, here you should go to "Connect to the workplace"
  3. When the system prompts you to create a new connection, select this item.
  4. Select “Use My Connection”
  5. Enter the server address provided by the provider. The immediate connection option should not be selected. You can designate a name that you like.
  6. In the next window, enter the login and password provided to you. Do not forget to check the box "Remember password"
  7. Connect now when the system offers you this
  8. Return to “Adapter Properties” (as discussed above) and select the “Security” section
  9. In the drop-down options “Type VPN” select “L2TP IPsec VPN”. Below is the line "Data Encryption", here you need to select "Optional",
  10. Under TypeVPN, click the Advanced Options button.
  11. Enter this key in the "Key" field. You must have it from the provider.
  12. That's all, you can press “OK” with a calm soul and use the connection.

This manual works for Windows 7 and newer versions.

Why all these difficulties? - you ask. This solution has advantages: for you - increased security of the connection (compared to a regular LAN), for the provider - simplification of the billing system.

PPPoE Setup

Before setting up the Internet on a computer, check with the provider for the type of access that it offers. Access via PPPoE requires not only the correct settings, but also authorization using a username and password. You will need such a connection method if you are not using a modem or router, but insert the cable from the provider directly into the connector on the computer, without intermediaries.

To do this, you again go to the "Network Control Center" and choose there, create a new connection with it.

In the wizard that launches, you select the first item - “Internet Connection” - and click “Next”. Then in the window that appears, you should select "High-speed (with PPPoE)."

The final step remained. In the final window, you need to come up with a name for the connection and enter the username and password provided by the provider. If several people use your computer (for example, family members), each under their own account, and you want to give them all access, then check the box “Allow this account to be used by other accounts”.

Now make sure your internet connection is working. And if so, hello world!

Telephone Line Connection (ADSL or Dial-Up)

The most common type of internet connection. A regular telephone line is everywhere - in almost every locality (thanks to the country of the Soviets for electrification and telephone installation).

Parallel to your telephone set (to the telephone line) a modem is connected (like a second telephone). Further, operators usually have special numbers by which they can access the Internet (by dialing them from a modem, of course).

In general, I note that this method is gradually "dying off" and disappears into oblivion: in our country, nevertheless, a program has been adopted to develop and lay the network even in remote areas.

Dial-Up - An Example Connection Diagram

  1. high availability (you can connect to the Internet even in many remote villages of our country),
  2. low cost of equipment (you only need a modem, which in Chinese stores can be found cheaper than for 100 rubles!).
  3. You can connect on your own: just buy a modem, connect it to a telephone line and configure the connection on a PC.

  1. very low speed (up to 56/128 Kbps). It’s enough just to view the pages (you can’t even dream about downloading files),
  2. high price,
  3. low stability of connection: the connection often breaks,
  4. the phone will be busy (when accessing the Internet).

Addition!

Perhaps an article on how to convert Mb / s to MB / s (or why I connected to the Internet at a rate of 100 Mb / s, but I download only 10 Mb / s) is useful to you - https://ocomp.info/skolko-megabit -v-megabayte.html

This method also uses a telephone line, but it has a significant advantage: the phone will not be busy in the process of working with the Internet, and it provides a much higher speed (up to 8 Mbit / s).

ADSL - sample connection diagram

Of the minuses: more expensive cost of equipment (rather than with Dial-Up connection), and the inability (in most cases) to configure the connection yourself without the specialists of the operator to whom you are going to connect.

Ethernet / GPON

The most common type of Internet connection in all major cities. A cable is laid in your apartment (like a television, only there are more veins in it), which connects either directly to the network card of the computer / laptop or to a Wi-Fi router (to create a wireless network in the apartment).

Sample connection scheme (there may not be a router - then an Ethernet cable is connected directly to the PC network card)

  1. high data transfer rate (up to 100 Mbit / s with Ethernet, and up to 1 Gbit / s with GPON connection (fiber)). By the way, one more popular type of FTTB connection is found - this is “optics”, stretched to your home (but not to your apartment!),
  2. low cost of services (unlimited connection will cost only a few hundred rubles per month),
  3. stable and high-quality communication, with low ping, which is very important for game lovers (one of the most stable today),
  4. almost nothing needs to be bought: a network card is in every modern PC (and companies often provide a Wi-Fi router for free.).

  1. the need for cable laying in the apartment / house,
  2. available only in relatively large cities (and if you have a new or remote area - it may well be that no operator has connected your home).

By coaxial (television) cable (DOCSIS)

This type of connection is not common in our country. Internet connection is via a television cable (KTV), speeds up to 42 Mbit / s are provided (agree that not much, given modern realities).

DOCSIS sample connection diagram

The principle is approximately the following: a special cable is connected to the television cable. cable modem - one output goes to the PC (the Internet is distributed), the other to the TV. You can work with the Internet in parallel with watching TV shows (one does not interfere with the other!).

In general, this type of connection is more used in remote and remote areas, where there is simply no other choice (say, Ethernet). Well, or in cases where you are already using KTV services and there is no desire (ability) to lay another cable into the apartment (for example, unreasonably expensive).

Wireless and mobile Internet access (GPRS, EDGE, 3G / 4G, WiMax, etc.)

The most advanced and one of the most developing areas. I don’t even dare to single out any of the types of connection. Perhaps you should focus on 3G / 4G because "this" is in every modern phone.

In general, now any smartphone is capable of not only accessing the Internet itself, but also sharing (distributing) it to neighboring PCs / laptops / other smartphones. In many large cities, 3G / 4G coverage is most common (4G provides speeds of up to 100 Mbit / s and higher (in practice, the speed "dances" in different parts of the city, and it is good if it is 20-30 Mbit / s)).

To connect a computer to the Internet via a smartphone, it is enough: connect it to a USB port, and activate a modem mode on a smartphone (in every modern device it is available). Also on your smartphone through the modem mode you can create a Wi-Fi network and distribute the Internet with it (everyone who connects to it will also get access to the Internet). See screenshots below.

We connect the phone to the computer using a USB cable

See on the corner of the phone screen (4G network was found)

Every modem has a modem mode

Perhaps the instruction will be useful to you: how to distribute the Internet with Android to a computer or laptop - https://ocomp.info/razdavat-internet-s-android.html

I note that now also modems (in the form of flash drives) are also popular, which can be connected to any PC / laptop with a USB port. Provide a fairly good quality of communication.

Megaphone-modem connected to a laptop (not as an advertisement!)

Pluses mob. Internet:

  1. there is no need to buy anything (if we do not take into account special modems),
  2. Internet can be distributed very quickly for any device (including, even on the road or in nature),
  3. a sufficiently large coverage area (can be used in an area where nothing else is available),
  4. Recently, more and more unlimited tariffs appear.

  1. communication costs several times more than the same leased line,
  2. often high ping, which is not suitable for most fans of network games (in general, the quality of communication depends on the area and the distance from the tower),
  3. not so high speed compared to other types of connection.

Satellite connection

This is not a very popular type of connection (very expensive), and is used only in remote corners of the country, where there simply is no other alternative. Access speed is highly dependent on the equipment that will be provided to you. Of the most important disadvantages of this type of connection, which is worth noting is the presence of a very high ping: at least 250 ms (this is a lot)!

Satellite Internet - a rough diagram

  1. the ability to install in almost anywhere in the country,
  2. independence from terrestrial communication channels.

  1. very high ping (250 ms and higher) - it is almost impossible to play network games or talk on IP-telephony,
  2. high cost of equipment and payment for services,
  3. the need to coordinate the installation of equipment (not always and not everywhere),
  4. bulky and complex equipment (do not install and configure it yourself).

PS

It is possible that all this (that I wrote in this article) will not make any sense soon. This is me about the words of Ilon Mask, who promised that in a few years, he would cover the Earth with satellites and provide almost all the inhabitants of the planet with free and fast access to the Internet! It is tempting!

However, I personally think that in his words there was an advertisement and pathos: they may be covering the Earth with satellites, but it will be in 15-20 years (minimum).

We connect the Internet

You can connect to the global network in several ways, it all depends on your capabilities and (or) needs.

  • Cable connection. This is the most common and easiest option. The provider in this case provides the subscriber with a line - a cable held in a room that connects to a PC or router. There are three types of such connections - regular, PPPoE, and VPN.
  • Wireless Here, access to the network is via a Wi-Fi router, to which the same provider cable is connected. Wireless methods also include mobile 3G / 4G Internet.
  • We will separately discuss the possibility of using a mobile phone as a modem or access point.

Method 1: Ethernet

This type of Internet service does not provide for special access requirements - login and password. In this case, the cable is directly connected to the LAN port on the computer or router.

In most cases, with such a connection, additional steps are not required, but there is one exception - when the provider provides the subscriber with a separate IP address and their own DNS server. This data must be registered in the network settings in Windows. The same will have to be done if the provider has changed, that is, find out which IP was provided by the previous one and the current provider gives.

    First we need to get to the corresponding settings block. Right click on the network icon in the notification area and go to Network Management Center.

Next, follow the link "Change adapter settings".

Here we click RMB on Ethernet and press the button "Properties".

Now you need to configure the TCP / IP protocol version 4. Select it in the list of components and go to the properties.

We check the IP and DNS data. If the provider provides a dynamic IP address, then all switches should be in the position "Automatically".

If additional parameters are received from it, then we enter them into the appropriate fields and click OK. On this setup is completed, you can use the network.

Ethernet has one feature - the connection is always active. In order to be able to manually disable it and do it quickly (by default you will have to go to the network settings each time), create a shortcut on the desktop.

Теперь, если интернет подключен, то при запуске ярлыка мы увидим окно «Состояние-Ethernet», в котором можно найти некоторую информацию и отключиться от сети. Для повторного коннекта достаточно снова запустить ярлык и все произойдет автоматически.

Способ 2: PPPOE

PPPOE is a high-speed connection, the only difference from the previous one is the need to independently create a connection with the specified login and password provided by the provider. However, there is another feature: PPPOE can compress and encrypt data. As already mentioned, access to the network also happens with the help of a cable connected to a PC or router.

  1. Go to Network Management Center and go to "Master" creating new connections.

Here we select the first item - "Internet connection" and click "Further".

In the next window, click the big button with the name “High Speed ​​(with PPPOE)”.

Enter the username and password received from the provider, for convenience, save the password, set the name and sharing, and then click "To plug". If everything is done correctly, then in a few seconds the Internet will work.

You can control PPPOE in the same way as Ethernet - with a shortcut.

Method 3: VPN

VPN - a virtual private network or simply a “tunnel” through which some providers distribute the Internet. This method is the most reliable from a security point of view. In this case, you also need to manually create a connection and access data.

    Go to "Network Settings"by clicking on the network icon.

We open the section VPN and create a new connection.

We enter the authentication data provided by the provider, and click "Save".

To connect to the network, open the list again by clicking on the icon and select the created connection.

A parameter window will open in which you will have to click on our connection again, and then on the button "Connect".

It was an instruction for Windows 10, in the "seven" everything happens a little differently.

    To create a connection, go to "Control Panel"Browser Properties.

Next on the tab "Connection" click on the button Add VPN.

In the first window, enter the address.

In the second - login, password and click "To plug".

Subsequently, to connect, you only need to perform a couple of actions: open the list of connections, select the one you need and click "Connection".

Method 3: Wi-Fi

Connecting a computer to a Wi-Fi router is akin to a simple cable: everything happens as simple and fast as possible. This only requires an adapter. On laptops, it is already integrated into the system, and a separate module will have to be purchased for a PC. There are two types of devices: internal, connected to the PCI-E connectors on the motherboard, and external, for the USB port.

It is worth noting here that inexpensive adapters may have problems with drivers on different OSs, so carefully read the reviews about this device before buying.

After installing the module and determining it by the operating system, a new network connection will appear in the notification area, with which we will receive the Internet, just click on it and click "Connect".

Of course, the corresponding Wi-Fi network must be configured on the router. How to do this can be found in the instructions that came with the router. Setting up modern devices, in most cases, will not cause difficulties.

Wi-Fi networks, for all their merits, are very moody. This is expressed in disconnected communications, lack of connection with devices and the Internet. The reasons can be different - from problems with drivers to incorrect network settings.

Method 4: 3G / 4G Modem

All mobile Internet providers provide users with modems equipped with built-in memory with software recorded in it - drivers and a client application. This allows you to connect to the network without unnecessary gestures. When connecting such a modem to the computer’s USB port, you must install the program and run it. If autorun of external devices is disabled in the operating system and the installer does not start automatically, you need to go to the folder "A computer", find the disk with the corresponding icon, open it and run the installer manually.

To access the Internet, just click "Connection" in a programme.

If you do not want to constantly use the client application, then you can use the automatically created connection.

In the event that a new item does not appear in the list, you can create a connection manually.

    AT "Browser Properties""Control Panel" on the tab Connections press the button Add.

Choose “Switched”.

Enter username and password. In most cases, the operator name is entered in both fields. For example, "Beeline". The number to be dialed is *99#. After all the settings, click "To plug".

Working with such a connection in Windows 10 happens exactly the same as in the case of a VPN, that is, through the settings window.

In Windows 7, everything is again a little easier. We open the list, click on the name, and then press the button "Connection".

Method 5: Mobile Phone

If you can’t connect your PC to the Internet using the above methods, you can use your smartphone as a Wi-Fi access point or a regular USB modem. In the first case, a wireless adapter is required (see above), and in the second, a USB cable.

For normal operation of the access point, you need to make a number of settings in the phone menu or use a special program.

If the computer is not equipped with a wireless module, then there is only one option - use the phone as a regular modem.

    Go to the network connection settings and select the control section of the access point and modem. In other embodiments, this block may be in the section "System - More - Hot Spot", as well as "Networks - General Modem and Networks".

Next, put a daw near the item "USB-modem".

Conclusion

As you can see, there are a lot of ways to access the global network from a computer and there is nothing complicated about it. It is enough to have one of the tools described above, as well as perform if you need a few simple steps.

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Types of Internet Connection from a Provider

The type of Internet connection that the providers offer will largely depend on the choice of equipment, the quality and speed of the Internet connection. Here are the types of Internet connections available today:

  • Dial-up: This is an obsolete type of connection, which is the slowest and most unstable. Today, this type of connection is rare, but is found in certain regions where there is no technical ability to provide broadband connections. Dial-up access Internet is provided through a telephone line that will be busy when connected. It will be impossible to make or receive a call at this time without disconnecting.
  • DSL: high speed connection using broadband connectionmaking it much faster than dial-up. Internet connection is also available. via telephone linebut does not require a landline telephone at home. And if you have a phone, unlike Dial-up, you can use the Internet and the phone at the same time.
  • Cable: internet connection is being made acrossoptical fiber. This type of connection is the fastest and highest quality data transfer technology. It is preferable to connect specifically for this type of connection. But, while this feature is not available in all regions.
  • Satellite: Satellite connection uses a broadband connection without a cable or telephone line. Internet connection is carried out via satellites in orbit. This type of connection can be used almost anywhere in the world, if equipment is available. Signal quality is significantly affected by weather conditions. The type of connection is slower than fiber and several times more expensive.
  • 3G,4GandLTE: type of mobile, wireless Internet connection through a mobile network provider. This type of connection allows you to access the Internet from your smartphone or tablet without additional equipment, in the coverage area of ​​the mobile operator’s network. However, these types of connections are not always as fast as the operator claims, as well as in many tariffs limitedendata volume,which are You can send and receive every month, which is not the case with most broadband plans.

Choosing an Internet Service Provider

Now that you know about the different types of Internet connections, you can do an analysis of the services offered by the providers available in your area. Focus on unlimited tariffs like DSL or fiber. Typically, rates differ in data rate. The higher the speed, the faster your Internet connection and the higher the cost of the tariff.

Before choosing a provider, talk with your neighbors, friends or relatives, find out from them whose services they use, their feedback. This will usually give you a good idea of ​​the quality of the services provided.

As already mentioned, mainly tariffs differ in the type of connection and speed, which is measured in Mbps (megabitsatgive me a sec) If you intend to use the Internet for tasks such as electronicand Imailbutbrowsing sites and chatting in social setyah, the minimum speed of 5-10 Mbit / s will be enough for you. However if you want listen to music, watch streaming video, play online games and not experience delays and freezes, then you should pay attention to tariffs from 20 Mbps.

Today, many providers offer free connection and equipment for rent. But, you can use your equipment purchased separately. Just check the technical requirements before buying. Many providers offer services for setting up and connecting equipment at the time of conclusion of the contract.

Tip: having connected the provider’s services, do not forget to periodically visit your personal account on the provider's website, the address of which will be indicated in the contract. It often happens that there are advantageous offers for changing the tariff and connecting additional services.

Equipment needed to connect to the Internet

To connect your computer or laptop to the Internet, it is not enough to conclude an agreement with the provider. You will need to get the cable into the house, buy or rent a modem (router), configure it and connect it to the computer.

Mdress This device is necessary to connect to the Internet. Its main purpose is the reception and transmission of encoded signals. In their physical performance, they are internal (in the form of a microcircuit) and external (in the form of a separate device). Through a modem, you can connect one device to the Internet.

The type of internet connection will determine the type of modem. For dial-up access telephone modemfor DSL connection needed DSL modem. To connect via fiber will need cable modem, and for satellite connection you will need satellite modem and additional equipment.

Many users do not want to delve into all the technical details. Therefore, many providers offer their own customized equipment, which is guaranteed to fit the selected type of connection. Although, it is not always of the best quality, and often used.

Modern modems are not the same as those used for Dial-up connections. Today, they combine not only the ability to connect to the Internet, but also routing functions. Such devices are called Router.

Router Is a device that allows you to connect several computers and other devices to the internet and combine them into localnetwork. Many routers allow you to set up your home wireless network, known as Wi-Finetwork.

You do not have to buy a separate modem and router in order to connect one computer to the Internet through a modem, and combine the rest into a network through a router and provide them with Internet access. It is enough to use a router with a module WiFi, which closes all issues with the connection of any devices to the local network and the Internet.

One router is able to provide Internet access to all your devices: smartphones, tablets, computers, laptops / netbooks and TVs.

Internet connection setup

As a rule, after concluding an agreement with an Internet connection provider, a technical specialist will be sent to you who will make all the necessary connections and settings at your home. You may also be offered to set up your equipment at the provider's office.

Modern routers allow you to configure them separately, so that additional settings on the computer are not required. After everything is configured, you can open web browser and start your journey on the internet.

Be sure to save the provider's technical support phone number. Sometimes this can help solve problems with Internet access or find out more information.

Internet Sharing - Home Network

If you have several computers, smartphones for all family members and other equipment that requires an Internet connection, you can provide Internet access to all these devices by combining them into a home network.

Set up Wi-Fi - the provider’s specialist’s home network can do the work when setting up Internet access. Or you can do it yourself.

Smartphones, tablets and other devices equipped with a Wi-Fi module can be connected right away. The same devices that do not have a Wi-Fi module can be connected with a cable, or purchased separately wifi adapterthat plugs into the USB port.

This is a great opportunity to access the Internet from the device from which you need and is convenient at the current time. You want it from the computer, but you want it from the tablet, lying on the couch.

You can also give your Wi-Fi guest password to your friend, and he will be able to use your Internet too.

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