How to inflate soap bubblesto enjoy their iridescent iridescent beauty longer? The first thing to do is to choose equipment. Bottles of bubble blowing liquid can be purchased at the store along with a special wand. There are even sticks for blowing giant bubbles and soap pistols firing a huge pile of bubbles. But it’s much more interesting to cook everything yourself.
Choosing equipment you need to prepare a good solution for soap bubbles so that they can please us with their look for a longer time. There are many ways to prepare a solution for durable soap bubbles, but we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the simplest, let's say, home option.
You will need:
* 1/2 cup dishwashing liquid
* 2 teaspoons of sugar
Thoroughly mix all the ingredients of IIIiiiiii. Done, you can blow sparkling soap balls!
Instead of purchased bubble wand You can take a regular straw for juice or a stick from a ball. There are a lot of options, up to using a funnel or making a tube for blowing out of plastic bottles. To get huge bubbles, you need to make a “net” of wire. The larger the diameter of the ring, the larger the bubble. Even your hands can become a tube for blowing. Having thoroughly wetted the palms with soapy water, swipe your thumb along the index finger, rounding them, as with the OK gesture. A soap film forms between the fingers and now you can safely blow the bubbles!
Remember that before, how to blow soap bubbles, the tube must be moistened in a soap solution, otherwise its dry edges can ruin your soap masterpiece, because the bubbles are afraid of touching dry objects. Also make sure that when blowing saliva does not get into the tube.
Bubbles you can blow it out with your own lungs (through a straw, a straw, a butterfly net or hands) or using wind power (a butterfly net and hands). In the second case, either forcefully drag the “net” or your hand through the air, or if the wind is strong, just keep the “net” or hand straight and wait for the bubble to inflate.
Well, experienced "soap bubble wizards" say that in addition to a good solution and devices, tubes and nets for blowing, in a soap bubble recipe includes dreams, smiles, good mood and resounding laughter. So strong and magically beautiful bubbles for you and more smiles!
Huge Bubble Recipe
Almost every person at least once in his life tried to stir up soap bubbles from improvised means (most often in childhood
For ourselves, we note several things:
- the size of the bubbles that people call large varies greatly for different viewers (most consider 50-60 cm in diameter to be something of an exotic field)
- the size of the bubbles depends both on the composition and to no lesser extent on the design and materials of the devices, as well as the skill of the person.
- on the internet on various trinket sites, about a dozen primitive recipes are written on the basis of dishwashing liquid, soap, glycerin and other improvised means with the help of which you can really easily blow bubbles from half a meter in diameter, which most people consider to be large.
But for whom such a size is not enough, look deeper! It’s unlikely that anyone will tell you a universal recipe; in any case, you will have to experiment with concentrations.
For those who crave really huge bubbles, a few meters in diameter, we give an important clue - these are water-soluble polymers, that’s the secret! Glycerin and sugar, of course, also help (without them it is difficult), but only to a certain concentration - if higher, it gets worse!
Try gelatin, egg white, polyvinyl alcohol, etc. But the best (and many professionals advise) are cellulose ethers (hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose and hydroxyethyl cellulose) or CMC available to all. With gelatin, it can also work out very well.
The remaining additives are a matter of taste and goals. Experiment, and you will succeed!
As for unclean glycerin, do not be alarmed, most often in pharmacies it is simply diluted with water to 70% concentration in order to save and deceive the buyer.
Cellulose ethers are absolutely not harmful to health (we often eat them with ice cream, sauces, sweets and pills.) Unfortunately, getting small quantities of pure hydroxyethyl cellulose for the average person is not so easy, but products that contain it in sufficient quantities are quite affordable.
Here is the simplest bubble recipe that kids will love:
(note, the composition is given in grams! for glycerol and other additives, the density is not equal to unity, everything must be weighed!)
- Fairy - 150g (it is better to take with a yellow or green color)
- Glycerin (99%) - 50 g or 70g -70% of the pharmacy
- Gel lubricant - 100 g (or 0.2 g of QUALITY KCM - the thicker and more transparent the resulting gel, the better)
- Water up to 1 kg
Preparation: mix gel lubricant or CMC thoroughly and slowly without whipping with glycerin, add fairies, bring to 1 kg warm (almost hot) boiled water (ideally distilled) after cooling, the composition is ready to use.
A beater for carpets is an excellent tool for blowing bubbles (inner rings and patterns are cut with a hot knife, leaving only the outer hoop with a handle). The handle is heated near the hoop itself and bends at 45 degrees. to make it more convenient to dip in a basin with a solution. The rim from the knocker is tightly wrapped around the entire circumference with a non-thick hb rope to hold more of the solution.
The solution is very sensitive to the presence of grease, dust, etc., so take the trouble to keep it clean (wash basins, hands, equipment first.)
This is the basic composition. various additives can be added to it while still improving it, but each additive has its own.
By the way, apart from fairies, little is suitable for normal bubbles, so take only it - an already proven option! if you get pure hydroxyethyl cellulose, then the dosage is the same as for kmts (0.2 g per liter of "+/-" 0.1 g solution) - the dosage must be strictly observed, because if it is multibubbles will be poorly blown and burst quickly.
Polyvinyl alcohol is different in viscosity and dissolution method (soluble in cold and hot water). its percentage, as well as for CMC, varies within tenths of a gram per liter of solution, and how much is already needed to be selected for each brand separately.
It is recommended to make a 10% solution of PVA in water (this way it is easier to dose): heat the right amount of water to 80-90 degrees in a water bath, stirring quickly, pour PVA into water, preventing granules from sticking together. With constant stirring in a water bath, the granules dissolve in 20-40 minutes (depending on the brand and size of the granules).
Store the resulting solution in the refrigerator, as it is susceptible to damage by microorganisms, or prepare small quantities immediately before use (more preferably, since some brands of PVA during storage of solutions, especially in cold conditions, change all viscosity and properties).
Having a basic composition for blisters, by gradually increasing the concentration of PVA by selection, it is easy to find the best option.
In fact, there is a giant bubble wiki and tons of open recipes. Even on YouTube there. by keywords giant bubbles.
The composition is close to jambl jus and others. That is, feri, water, PEO and PEC, specifically: Poli-ox (polyethylene oxide) and Natrosol 250HHR CS. The problem is different. Unable to get stable results. One and the same composition then works, no. Depends on a bunch of conditions and the location of the stars. In addition, modern feri is overflowing with thickeners.
Links for careful digestion (chemical education is highly desirable)
How to inflate giant soap bubbles
First we make a soapy solution. We will need: Any capacity. Water (1 l.). Detergent (e.g. Fairy) or shower gel (e.g. Palmolive) (150-200 ml.). A bit of glycerin, which can be bought in pharmacies (25 ml.). (Optional) A personal non-oil based lubricant that can also be bought at pharmacies (25 ml.). Two sticks of any size, but for definiteness let them be 30 cm. Cotton rope, about 50 cm.
To make the bubbles durable, the water should be soft, it is better if it is distilled. Heat water and pour it into your container. As a container, it is better to use one with a wide cover so that our inflatable device can be freely lowered there. If you will use a glass container, remember that hot water must be poured into it gradually, warming up the walls of the vessel, otherwise it will burst. How easy it is to blow bubbles depends on many parameters, in particular, on the humidity in the area where you live. Therefore, if you want to achieve an ideal composition, pour shower gel into water in several portions, each time checking if your solution has improved. If you are impatient, you can immediately mix 150 ml. gel with water, bubbles can be inflated with an imperfect composition. Add 25 ml to the solution. glycerin and 25 ml. lubricant (you can do without a lubricant) and mix everything well. Make sure that when stirring, foam does not form. If it does appear, you can remove it with a spoon. Check the solution by blowing the bubble through the tube. Do not worry if the bubbles are still ordinary. The secret of huge bubbles is not only a soap solution recipe. You can add gel or other ingredients if you want to experiment.
Now you need to make an inflatable device. It consists of two sticks between which a rope is tied so that it forms a triangle. It is best to blow bubbles outdoors in calm weather (or with a slight breeze). Dip the inflatable device into the solution, then lift it and begin to retreat. The resulting stream of air will inflate a bubble. Have fun and feel free to experiment!
Secrets of creating big soap bubbles
1. Composition, recipe for large soap bubbles (BMP).
The main components are no longer secret. In Europe, this is Fairy liquid soap, I use non-concentrated, preferably without perfume additives (but this is not necessary), 10% of the solution. In America, use soap brand DAWN. Glycerin - 5 - 10% of the solution volume. Polymers I tried various and settled on J-Lube Gleitgel Pulver. This is PEO with a very high (important) molecular weight. 1 - 1.5 grams of powder per liter of solution. With this polymer, the stool will inflate and will fly. As well as some additives that improve the solution. Read more on the Soap Bubble Wiki Ingredieents website (you need to translate a dozen words from English or drive the text into one of the Internet translators). This is the best variant. I would like to add. Take distilled water, not from the nearest well. And Fairy is real, not spilled in the basement around the corner.
2. Why do bubbles fail?
You bought an expensive factory foreign powder or solution from local professionals, but there is no bubble. And do not pout. Because most often we do not have instructions or concepts in this, not entirely simple matter. Usually people want to please themselves on a warm, sunny day. And for a normal bubble, you need a temperature, preferably not higher than 20 °, humidity not lower than 60% and a shadow. Bubbles do not tolerate heat and dryness. More than 50 different YouTube videos show that the conditions were either created or were suitable. I conducted experiments with various solutions only in the morning. However, if you have a good solution and the right tool, and most importantly, experience, you can surprise children and acquaintances in the worst (for bubbles) weather conditions.
3. The tool is important.
You can find samples of it on YouTube. The triangle for triggering bubbles should be made of a natural, moisture-resistant material. Wool, linen and others. Use a triangle divided into four sectors. What does it give? There is a complex of small sticking together bubbles, each of which is more tenacious. The stocking is obtained up to two - four meters long and existed up to 5 - 7 seconds after separation, which is enough to admire, and for children - to pierce it. In unfavorable (for bubbles) weather, you can use a rope with 5 - 8 small triangles. It turns out small, but more stable bubbles and a lot. But experience is required here. The whole tool, of course, is homemade.
How to make giant soap bubbles
To obtain large soap bubbles or many smaller bubbles, film-forming compositions — surfactant solutions in compositions with alkanols with high molecular weight additives and electrolytes — are used. In these compositions, water, glycerin, glycols, polyglycols and other liquids, as well as mixtures thereof, are used as a solvent. The use of non-aqueous solvents having a boiling point higher than the boiling point of water can improve the color, stability and elasticity of the film. The water content in the composition is usually in the range of 10-99%, the content of non-aqueous solvents can reach up to 90%. Anionic surfactants — primary and secondary alkyl sulfates, alkyl sulfonates and anionic derivatives of nonionic surfactants, for example, ethoxylated alkanols in which the hydrogen atom of the —OH group is replaced by the —OSO3Na group, are used as surfactants in the composition. The quantitative content of surfactants is 0.2-10% by weight of the composition. To improve the consumer properties of the composition and to give the composition the necessary viscosity and elasticity of the film, primary and secondary alcohols with the number of carbon atoms n = 8-15 or narrower fractions, for example, with n = 12-14, as well as soluble the composition of high molecular weight compounds, in particular cellulose derivatives - methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, etc. The content of alkanols and cellulose derivatives is 0.1-2 wt.% each.
Various salts are used as electrolytes, which change the solubility of the surfactant and other components of the composition, or (and) stabilize the pH of the surfactant solution, and affect the viscosity and surface tension of the film. The concentration of electrolytes in the composition can reach up to 30 wt.%. In addition to these components, the composition usually contains a preservative.
Example. The film-forming composition of blowing soap bubbles contains, in wt.%:
- Water - 47
- Glycerin - 47
- Sodium Alkyl Sulfonate - 4.5
- Sodium tetraborate - 0.7
- Cellulose 0.5
- Mixture of alkanols n = 12 - 0.2
- Preservative - 0.1 °
The recipe for making soap bubbles for a show
- 15 parts distilled water
- 1 part Fairy ultra liquid detergent
- 0.5 parts glycerol
- 2 tablespoons of lemon juice
- 1 tablespoon bicarbonate of soda
- 1 teaspoon J-Lube (J-lube is a concentrated lubricant for sex in powder form, which consists of 75% sucrose and 25% polymers)
A slightly different proportional composition for soap bubbles:
- 12 parts distilled water
- 1 part Fairy ultra liquid detergent
- 0.5 parts glycerin
- 0.25 hours Polyvinyl alcohol
- 2 teaspoons of Metylan glue (see photo below)
- 1 teaspoon J-Lube
Required: 6 cups of distilled water, half a glass of dishwashing gel, half a cup of corn starch, 1 tablespoon of baking powder and 1 tablespoon of glycerin.
Experience: Dissolve corn starch in water, mix the remaining ingredients. We interfere well, but try not to create foam. Leave the mixture alone for about an hour. From improvised items we make frames of any shape to dunk into the liquid.
What happens: Our bubble can live for a while and swell to enormous size due to surface tension. However, it is simply impossible to make a bubble out of water; you need to increase the surface tension with various additives.
Big soap bubbles. Recipes
How to make big soap bubbles.
Soap bubbles in childhood who just did not dabble. Launching them with a straw or straw from the balcony. However, time goes on, progress moves. And on the Internet, (rarely on the street) you can see a soap bubble show or just huge bubbles. Soap bubbles up to 2 meters in size or 2-4 meter bubble trains shimmer with all the colors of the rainbow, flare up in the sun, leaving an unforgettable impression. Adults become children for a moment, and children rejoice.
Can big bubbles be made? It is possible, however, this is not a very simple matter and requires not only money, but also time. And if money can be solved, then with patience and time - not always.
Let's start with the recipes.
Take a look on the Internet, asking in the search engine "soap bubbles" and you will find hundreds of recipes. Most of them are repeated, godlessly copied from each other. The remainder will be a dozen two. Verified to a gram, they are often monstrously different from each other.
However, the general pattern is visible.
1. The solution is simple.
- Water (destilliertes Wasser) - up to 1000 ml.
- Fairy Detergent (Spülmittel) - 150 - 200 ml. (You can try replacing Fairy, but the result may not be the best.)
- Glycerin (Glyzerin) - 25 - 50 ml. (Increases the resistance of the soap bubble).
- Sugar (Traubenzucker) - 1 tablespoon. (Sugar and glycerin can be replaced with sugar syrup. However, if there is midges or wasps, I would recommend using a little more glycerin, without sugar.)
- Желатин (Gelatine) – 1-2 чайных ложки раствора из следущего рецепта.
При условиях, описанных ниже, этот рецепт дает небольшие, надежные пузыри.
2. Рецепт бюджетный, дающий достаточно большие пузыри.
- Вода ( destilliertes Wasser ) – до 1000 мл.
- Моющее средство Fairy (Spülmittel) – 100 – 120 мл. ( В большенстве 10% от количества раствора).
- Глицерин (Glyzerin) – 30 мл.
- Сахар (Traubenzucker) – 1 столовая ложка. ( Я использовал виноградный сахар, но это не обязательно. Сахар можно заменить грицерином, а глицерин и сахар – сахарным сиропом. )
- Раствор обойного клея КМЦ (Tapetenkleister) - 100 – 150 мл. ( Обойный клей КМЦ – на упаковке написано – состав Carboxymethylcellulose – или натриевую соль этого вещества, известную, как пищевая добавка – Е 466. Так вот – чайную ложку без горки растворить в 300 – 400 миллилитрах холодной или теплой воды и в течении суток несколько раз перемешать до полного растворения. 100 - 150 ml of this solution and use. The solution is stored for 4 to 5 days, no more).
- Gelatin solution (Gelatine) - 2 - 3 teaspoons. (Dissolve 3 grams of gelatin in 50 ml of water in a water bath. After cooling down, add to the solution. Start with 2 teaspoons. Gelatin improves soap bubbles, but you’ll get jelly when sorted.)
- Gelatin (Gelatine) can be replaced with a small amount of Xanthan Gum (food supplement E415 - xanthan gum).
Under the conditions described below, this recipe I tested gives, depending on the tool used - the frame - a triangle, stable soap bubbles up to one and a half meters.
This solution is not stored. (Glue can lose viscosity, and sugar and gelatin can deteriorate). 3 to 4 days after its creation, it is better to pour.
You can experiment a little with the solution. The amount of glycerin can be doubled. If you use a little more gelatin, you can reduce the amount of wallpaper glue CMC or vice versa.
3. The third solution, For large bubbles.
- Water (destilliertes Wasser) - up to 1500 ml.
- Fairy Detergent (Spülmittel) - 130 - 150 ml. (10% of the amount of solution is optimal)
- J - Lube Pulver - Lubricate - 1.5 - 2 grams.
- Glycerin (Glyzerin) - 50 - 100 ml.
- Baking soda (Backpulver - Natron) - 1,5 - 2 gr. per liter of solution.
- Citric acid (Zitronensäure) - 1 gr. per liter of solution.
To reduce the fluidity of the solution, you can add up to 0.8 g per liter of Xanthan Gum solution (food supplement E415 - xanthan gum) or gelatin.
Under the conditions described below, it is a better and more all-weather solution. A chemical that works wonders in this solution is a polymer that makes up 25% of this powder - Poly-ethylen-oxid (PEO) or (PEG-90M) with a molecular weight of more than 35,000. The remaining 75% is sucrose, which prevents the polymer from sticking together and improves dissolution in water. A relative of this polymer - Poly-ethylen-glykol (PEG) - with a lower molecular weight, is not as effective.
J - Lube Pulver - is dissolved in a small amount of water in a maximally large jar in the microwave, as it has a bad ability to foam like milk and run away. It can be dissolved in a water bath and even in hot water, which takes more time. Wash hands and dishes lightly with water or dry table salt. Jars of this powder - 284 grams is enough for at least 200 liters of solution. Therefore, at a price of 20 euros per can - the price of a liter of solution will be small.
The amount of lubricant, soda and acid should be fairly accurately observed. You can ask to weigh in a pharmacy or on simple home-made scales, using 1, 2, 5 cents or a penny as a weight. Baking soda and citric acid are dissolved separately in a small amount of water, sodium citrate is obtained, and then added to the solution.
Soaps and citric acid make soap bubbles better.
Replacing Fairy with another detergent degrades the solution. Americans use their liquid non-concentrated or concentrated liquid soap - Non-Concentrated Classic Dawn and Dawn Professional and others.
Any solution will be better if after cooking the day stands in a cool place. Two to three times it should be well prevented. In total, up to 4 - 5 liters can go to a small party with children and adults.
Possible polymer replacement (PEO) or J - Lube Gleitgel Pulver, but not always equivalent - Macrogol - E1521 (PEG) with the maximum possible molecular weight (it may need 3–4 times more than J-Lube). As well as DOW WSR301 (PEO), Hydroxy-ethyl-cellulose (HEC) - the brand name is Natrosol-250 HX, DOW Cellosize QP100MN, KY Gleitgel, KY Jelly Lubricant, Sylk Glietmittel Gel, Hydroxy-propyl-methyl-cellulose (HPMC) - E464, SurgiLube, HPMC K15M (DOW), Methocel-Cellulose Ethers. Information on these chemicals is available on the Internet, and the dosage of these polymers can be found on English-language websites by setting “soap bubble”, “ingredients-soap bubble Wiki”, “bubble formula”, “bubble magic” in the search box.
You do not know English? It happens. There are dozens of publicly available translation programs on the Internet. They translate from English into Russian poorly, but it's quite possible to deal with the recipe.
More than 50 original videos are on YouTube. You will find them by asking in the search window - “Soap bubbles show” or “giant soap bubbles”.
You can and should experiment with the amount of substances in recipes.
Now about the important.
Do not blow bubbles near roads with traffic. Children or sabaki can run for bubbles on the road. A person driving can peer at soap bubbles and enter the wrong way. This is fraught with big trouble. The remnants of the bubble that hit the expensive suit, although they will not ruin it, can lead to scandal. Indoors on the floor, where soap bubbles are inflated, be sure to lay the film. It will not be easy to clean the floor from the solution.
The conditions under which the solutions work.
The soap bubble film is thin. And therefore, it is very sensitive to humidity (or dryness) of the air. In good, dry, sunny weather, the bubbles often do not inflate and burst immediately. And no, even the most secret, even the most expensive solution will not help here. Blowing soap bubbles is better in calm or in a gentle breeze, not hot, humid weather. In the morning or in the late afternoon. Better in the shade. It turns out well on the seashore or river. After rain, or even if a little dripping.
Humidity can quickly fall. It is important that the air is clean, free from odors and dust, midges and tree pollen. Although, for some reason, garbage caught in the solution often does not interfere. However, passing a moped next to it, having smoked it, can stop your experiments. The room should not have a draft or working air conditioners.
Soap water should be distilled. After checking the resulting solution, you can experiment with local water.
The tool with which you make bubbles is important. Without a good tool, without experience and skills, you should not start a demonstration to friends. The inflation device consists of two sticks or bamboo sticks (or fishing rods, between which a rope is formed that forms a triangle. The rope is better to use from natural material - wool, cotton or linen, as more moisture-resistant. These materials accumulate more solution. The rope may consist of several threads with a total diameter of up to 4 or more millimeters.It is advisable to wrap rings with a handle also with woolen or other thread.
It is interesting to use a fan to inflate bubbles. It is well known, but not everyone knows that humid air at an equal temperature is lighter than dry. And in weather with little humidity, moist air should pick up a bubble. You can try using a fan to dry your hair with a fan, filling the soap bubble with warm air. Having carefully watched YouTube vidiki - a bubble show, you will discover many secrets. For the most advanced, it’s a good idea to have a notebook where you can write down the composition with which you are currently experimenting, the weather — the presence or absence of the sun, time of day, humidity (It would be nice to have a hygrometer or a psychrometer. It is necessary to measure humidity, of course, on the street.), Wind is its strength and direction. (In the mornings it happens that it blows uphill, which makes launching uncomfortable). And also note the approximate diameter of the ball, the length of the stocking and the lifetime of the soap bubble.
However, the main secret and the basis of success is invested in this fascinating business, your time.
Video how to make a big soap bubble
Soap bubbles will be strong precisely thanks to glycerin, which makes the shell of the soap bubble stronger.
- 600 ml. Hot water
- 300 ml. glycerin
- 20 drops of ammonia
- 50 gr. any POW detergent.
- mix everything and leave for 2-3 days
- filter the solution and refrigerate for 12 hours.
This mixture will allow you to create soap bubbles of large sizes and various shapes.
Use a wire to bend any shape out of it. Then attach it to the stick with electrical tape and dip it in soapy water. So you can make soap bubbles of different shapes. You can make several such “net-free netting” and launch several large bubbles of different shapes at once.