Quite often, owners have a desire to have a second dog. The reasons can be different: to protect a large territory, like a different breed, the first dog began to age, for breeding, a friend of the first dog, etc. But a logical question arises: will the two dogs get along together, how will the first dog perceive the newcomer, will she feel offended, will there be a struggle for leadership and fights. How can the owner build relationships, distribute attention, how to walk, feed, play: together or separately?
Sometimes people want to have a second dog, as the first one leads alone destructively: howls, nibbles furniture, writes, etc. It should be noted that such behavior, as a rule, is a reaction to the absence of people (either all family members, or one person), the establishment of a second dog will not solve the problem. But the fact that the puppy will imitate the behavior of an adult dog is very likely. The establishment of an adult second dog will become an additional stress factor for the pet. The likelihood that behavior will change slightly over time depends on the dog’s age, the duration of the problem period, the degree of fear of loneliness, how much the second dog will become a leader in relationships and will be able to influence the behavior of the youngest member of the pack.
Since dogs are flocks of animals, for centuries lived and used by humans for several individuals for hunting, grazing, protection, problems, as a rule, do not arise.
To avoid conflicts, a number of rules must be observed. If the owner brings an adult dog to his adult dog, they need to be introduced to them in a neutral territory. If possible, it is better to meet on a walk several times, so that the dogs can establish friendly relations among themselves, solve problems with each other's hierarchical status, and then take them home at the same time. If one of the dogs has a territorial instinct, then it is better to take her to an unfamiliar place for her, where she will feel less confident and, accordingly, the probability of establishing normal relationships increases.
When choosing the sex of the second dog, several factors must be considered. Different-sex dogs are easier to make friends. To protect the country house, it is better to take a bitch and a dog. In this case, in addition to the territorial instinct, others will be involved. A bitch, as a rule, can show maternal instinct, even without being pregnant during techek and the subsequent period, the male, in turn, protects both her bitch and possible offspring from strangers. But during estrus, problems are possible. If breeding is not intended, then the bitch can be sterilized. The relationship within the pair will not change significantly.
But same-sex dogs usually form a domestic flock. For a newcomer to enter the house successfully, it is necessary that the owner can fully control the situation, that both dogs obey him implicitly, his word is law, a possible conflict could be stopped by a voice at the maturation stage. Those. a person should be the undisputed leader, if this is not the case, then the older dog can decide on the issue of who lives in this house, who the pack is friends with, who is declared an enemy, etc.
When a puppy appears in the house, problems usually do not arise, a normal adult dog will not offend a puppy, and even more so he won’t get into trouble. At the same time, the older dog for preventive purposes can make it clear to the younger dog who is the boss in this house, to roar, not to be allowed to a person or a bowl, to pick up a toy. There is nothing wrong with that (if the elder dog is adequate), the puppy will show the elder that he did not claim to be his place and soon the “oppression” of the young will stop. Problems can arise over time when the baby grows up and begins to grow up. He himself may want to change his position in the pack. If the older dog does not agree with his claim to leadership, then conflict is almost inevitable. Also, a review of hierarchical statuses is possible over time as a result of a dog's illness, and in bitches during estrus, especially pregnancy, raising offspring. At this time, the status of the bitch is increasing. At the same time, the initiator of the conflict can be either a junior female in rank, feeling that she has the opportunity to change status, or an older one who seeks to maintain a leadership position and, for prophylactic purposes, makes it clear to the younger one so that she does not try to change status.
The nature of the relationship during puppy rearing depends on the individual characteristics of the mother. There are dogs that do not allow anyone to puppies, but there are vice versa, those who are happy to use the help of a "nanny".
Difficulties can arise when dogs are significantly different in size. In this situation, the struggle for leadership, as a rule, does not arise and a larger dog becomes the leader, although funny exceptions of this kind also occur. But in the event of a conflict, a larger dog can cause significant minor injury, not because she wanted to punish her so much, but simply because the forces are too unequal. So, for example, if a Russian canine greyhound wants only to designate a chihuahua bite, driving away from the cookies found behind the chair, for a sneeze this can end with an operating table, if not worse.
The most difficult situation arises if an adult dog of the same gender, approximately the same age and size is introduced into the house. Despite the observance of the rules of dating, a beginner may eventually try to suppress the old-timer. A similar situation may occur with the simultaneous maturation of fellow children, or if the age difference in dogs is small. In this case, you need a firm hand of the owner to stop possible disassembly in the bud. Better yet, prevent conflict from brewing. To do this, it is necessary in every possible way to demonstrably support the dominant position of a leader. In this case, the leader should be not the dog that the person is trying to “designate”, but the one that is objectively him. An attempt to impose a leading position is dangerous because a real leader in the absence of people will try to rigidly establish new hierarchical statuses. In addition, the unusual role of a weaker dog is simply difficult. The leader’s support lies in the fact that he is demonstratively, and not secretly, given the first meal, goodies, his first ironed, first greeted, the first given a toy, etc. It is possible for a younger hierarchy to deny access anywhere (to a room or to a sofa) where the elder is allowed. The elder should not be punished in the presence of the younger, nor should it be suppressed when the older brings up the younger. This refers to the period when the ranks are set. In general, the owner must be an unconditional leader who can punish any dog at any time (though the need for this, as a rule, does not usually arise), treat, caress, play - none of the dogs can dictate to the owner with whom and when he can to communicate. As for walks and classes, here each owner chooses for himself what is more convenient for him. It is quite comfortable to walk obedient dogs at the same time, they can play with each other, it is also possible to deal with them, giving each dog an individual command. If dogs differ significantly in training and the needs of physical activity, then, of course, it is better to walk them separately.
It is necessary at least periodically to walk with the dogs separately.
The puppy imitates an adult dog and easily adopts its bad habits. If an adult dog is afraid of shots and loud noises, and is aggressive towards dogs and people, all this is very easily adopted by a puppy. They love puppies from the ground, and in the presence of an adult helper, this behavior starts even easier.
With constant walks with an adult dog, the puppy may feel uncomfortable in its absence. If you do not need a pack in the kit, but two autonomous dogs from each other, you need to pay attention to this.
When calling dogs on the street, a puppy, as a rule, imitates an adult dog, and this is good if, of course, she carries out the command “to me”. However, some puppies run not so much towards the trainer as after an adult dog. In this case, you can fix an adult dog for endurance, for example, by standing and engaging in puppy calls, but not every adult dog will do this.
To raise a puppy, it is useful to expand the circle of familiar dogs and it is purposeful to look for him different partners for games, the presence of an adult dog makes this need less obvious. Sometimes then a person wanders through the woods and avoids contact with other dogs, as his dogs already behave like a pack and attack dogs that are outsiders for themselves.
It is necessary to regulate the relationship between dogs.
There is still an opinion that people should not interfere in dog relationships. Say, they themselves will figure out their own laws, and human intervention violates the hierarchy and creates a nervous atmosphere, fraught with constant fights. Much depends on the nature of the dogs. Someone will calm down, someone will fight constantly. Sometimes dogs observe their classical rituals, sometimes they can fight without yielding and causing injuries with which rarely what owner will agree. We will leave aside peaceful peaceful dogs and talk about others.
If we take the dogs living in the same apartment, then in this situation they will have to violate each other's personal space. Aggressive dogs will either regularly sort things out, or one of the dogs will have to constantly demonstrate humility and submission, which will inevitably affect its character. Once I happened to observe such a "pathological" case. A girl with two shepherd dogs came to the site and wanted to protect them. The older dog was of little use for this. Her daughter could work, but constantly looked back at her mother and demonstrated submission. As soon as the youngest dog was active, the older dog behaved threateningly towards her. Moreover, it doesn’t matter what this activity expressed in protecting the hostess or playing with prey. It was impossible to train them individually, because, according to the hostess, she always walked with them and therefore a young dog without an older one felt lost and behaved inappropriately. To engage in the rehabilitation of the youngest dog, that is, to regularly walk separately with them, the girl had neither time nor desire. A fair conclusion, if you have a puppy growing up in the presence of an adult dog, regularly walk and work with him separately. If there is no time for this, then at least periodically check whether he is able to feel comfortable on the street without an older dog or not. And there, based on the results, draw conclusions and, if necessary, find time, otherwise, why do you need a second dog.
When the house has more than one dog, there must be a total ban on the owner of any clarification of the relationship. In addition, these dogs must be loaded with disciplinary training using the old Soviet methods. Regular pressure and correction, naturally compensated by positive reinforcement, do not allow dogs to sort things out, they just have no time for it.
This does not mean that we must completely replace the natural communication of dogs with human inhibitions. If a 4-5 month old puppy has got an adult dog with his games, she, of course, has the right to put him in his place. But if an adult dog growls out of jealousy at a puppy when he approaches a trainer, she should be punished immediately. Just as a person in relation to a dog can be a leader with a different degree of stiffness and totality, so an older dog can show a different degree of dominance in relation to a puppy. It depends on the nature of both dogs and the trainer, if he wants to have two full dogs, and not a system of two individuals, it is necessary to regulate their relationship.
Sometimes an adult dog punishes a puppy for a poor approach to the owner. When a late puppy or young dog comes up, an adult dog designates bites and blows to the neck. It looks very human and reasonable, the owner is satisfied. To some extent, this can be used, but only if such behavior is controlled. It all depends on the nature of the dogs and how much they are subordinate to humans. Such behavior can be fixed and used by a more dominant dog in the future simply for discharge. For example, after punishment by the owner, the dog may redirect aggression to a weaker dog. There is nothing good in this, firstly, if it is a puppy who is gradually getting older, then having matured, he can answer, and secondly, the constant suppression of a subordinate dog does not make it better.
I hope this information will help you and protect you from errors that are then very difficult and sometimes impossible to fix.