Useful Tips

15 valuable tips for those who decide to go camping


Find out how many days your trip will take. The details of the route and the speed with which you will need to go will depend on this.

At the same time, you must correctly calculate your strength: it is important to understand how many kilometers a day you can overcome if you move at a pace that is comfortable for you.

You can go from the opposite: first decide what you want to see, and then determine how many days you will need it.

Landscape features and weather conditions

Features of the landscape - this is not only mountains, forests and rivers, but also dirt, sands, "loose" (small pebbles flying from under your feet), swamps and the like. All this is significantly exhausting, even if you do not have to climb anywhere. Rain and gusts of wind also take time and energy.

The speed of movement is also affected by the weight of the backpack and the duration of rest between the transitions. It is worth considering that in the first few days it is usually harder to go than then, when you disperse and get used to it.

To say for sure how many kilometers a day a beginner can go is not so simple: everything is very subjective. But in any case, you should not go on long hikes with difficult obstacles right away. If you are in normal physical shape, you can start with a measured walk of no more than 15 kilometers per day with a gradual rise of no more than 1,000 meters. The route without height differences can be increased to 20 kilometers.

If you are not ready to determine all these parameters yourself, it is better to contact the travel agencies that organize trips - most often there are tours of different difficulty levels.

You can sign up for one of the proposed routes - the organizers have already calculated everything for you, it remains only to decide whether this suits you. So you get experience and an idea of ​​your capabilities.

Make a route

Those who decide to make the route themselves should be able to read the map (as well as use a compass and GPS-navigator). This is necessary even if you are walking with someone who knows the area well: if you are behind or lost, it is important to be able to find your own path. A GPS navigator is also not a panacea: it can break or discharge.

You need to determine a schedule for every day in advance: it is important to know at least approximately what exactly awaits you in order to minimize unforeseen circumstances and correctly calculate your strength.

Identify Waypoints

Decide what attractions you want to see, and measure the distances that you will cover on the map. When determining mileage, remember that the map gives an error: it does not take into account all the subtleties of the terrain. The numbers that you get in the measurements should actually be slightly larger: increase them by at least 10-15%.

Choose a place to sleep

If your trip lasts longer than one day, think in advance where and how you will spend the night. You may have the following options:

  1. A hotel or a shelter if they meet in your way. Check in advance what is included in the price.
  2. Camping - this option provides either a place for your tent or a bungalow. There may be additional amenities, such as a kitchen, shower, grocery store. Find out what is and what you will have to pay for.
  3. Camping. Alternatively, it can be broken down by the cars on which you arrived (for example, if this is a ring route - bypassing the territory and returning to the starting point). In this case, you need to find a place where you can put your transport.

The camp itself should be arranged:

  • in a dry and windproof area (not in open areas),
  • on a site without stones, sticking out roots and knots,
  • with rain protection:
    • on a flat surface, if it absorbs water well, or on a gentle slope or a small mound, so that the water flows down (lie down with your head up so that there is no headache due to increased blood flow),
    • not in a bottleneck, indentation, or directly beneath a hill (deep puddles and floods form right there)
    • not too far from the source of water, but also not directly at the pond (when it rains, it can leave the banks, and in addition, there are always more annoying insects),
  • not in a valley (there will be fog and midges), but not too high so that during a thunderstorm it will not strike with lightning,
  • not far from the source of firewood, but at the same time at a safe distance from dry trees that may fall from the wind.

Consider the size and number of tents - the area should be large enough to fit.

It will not be amiss to find out in advance whether it is dangerous to put up a tent at the point you have chosen, for example, due to wild animals or the likelihood of mountain collapses and rockfalls.

In all cases when you yourself organize the place of spending the night, do not forget to prepare:

  • the tent, given the landscape,
  • a sleeping bag that can withstand the temperatures that await you on your trip (manufacturers usually indicate the temperature range for which the product is recommended),
  • travel foam or a mattress under the bag,
  • warm / replaceable clothes for evening and night, if necessary.

Make a backup plan

If there are difficult terrain on the route (forests with windbreaks, mountain passes, streams and rivers, etc.), think over workarounds in advance: what if you can’t overcome the obstacles? Mark the places where you can reduce the distance in case you linger somewhere or something else goes wrong: the night should not catch you where you cannot set up camp.

Think about unforeseen situations

Make sure you know how to get off the route urgently if necessary. Mark the places where you will pass near the cities or settlements. Check to see if there are emergency contact points on the way and mark the nearest ones. Try to remember vivid landmarks that will help you return to your starting point if you get lost.

See the weather forecast

Much depends on what weather awaits you on a hike:

  • how much water should be taken - the hotter the more it is needed
  • how to dress and put on shoes
  • which sunscreen to choose
  • how to prepare for the night
  • Will rain protection be required?

Rain on the hike is not only special clothes, but also caution when planning a route. It is not worth, for example, to go through the riverbeds or easily flooded areas. It all depends on the territory and the duration of the rains. At a minimum, you risk getting wet and flooding your things. But there are more serious dangers: in 2018, TEN YOUTH DEAD IN SOUTHERN ISRAEL FLASH FLOODS people who went on a campaign under the pre-war training program were killed - they were carried away by water.

Do not forget to see the forecast not only for the day, but also for the night: the temperature difference can be quite sharp.

Gather everything you need

Here is what you need to prepare for your trip:

  • High-quality hiking backpack.
  • Water. It is very important that it be enough: it is better to take a little more than necessary than to get into a situation when it ended ahead of time. We not only drink water, but also wash the wounds with it, and also prepare food on it. It is convenient to carry it either in a bottle (flask) with a pen or in a hydrator - a special waterproof bag with a tube (it will lie in a backpack, and the tube will be pulled out and attached to the strap of a backpack).
  • Food. One that will not go bad on a hike and that is easy to cook. Usually they take nuts, dried fruits, canned food, cereals, chocolate, hard cheese, jerky, cookies, lollipops and the like. If you take something perishable, eat it first.
  • Matches, lighter. If you suspect that there may be a problem with the fuel (rain, rocky, mountainous terrain, etc.), take it (firewood, if possible, or a gas burner).
  • Headdress. It will protect not only from the sun, but also from insects, such as ticks.
  • Sunscreen. Even if the sun is not aggressive, it is worth protecting the skin if you are exposed to it for a long time.
  • Sunglasses.
  • Cream for mosquitoes and ticks, if necessary (for example, for walking through the woods).
  • Personal hygiene products.
  • Tent, sleeping bag and foam / mattress.
  • Hiking sticks. There are pros and cons to using them, but in some cases they can be very helpful.
  • Flashlight.
  • Gas burner and camping utensils (if necessary and possible to carry) or a thermos.
  • Wipes (dry and wet hygienic) and cleaning fluids for hands.
  • Compass and paper map. They will not be superfluous, even if there is a battery-powered GPS-navigator - what if the equipment fails?
  • Hatchet. To take or not to take - of course, depends on the situation. It may be useful, for example, for the preparation of firewood.
  • Strong rope. You never know where it can come in handy.
  • Mirror. If necessary, they can be given signals.
  • Camera with charged batteries. If you are sure that it will not interfere.
  • Powerbank Do not forget to charge it and the phone before going.

Life hack: so that the phone does not discharge too quickly, put it in airplane mode.

Well think over what to take, and what you can leave at home, depending on the features of your trip. Do not forget that you have to bear all this on yourself. You can even try to pack a backpack in advance and walk with it for a while to make sure it is not too heavy.

Dress correctly

We choose comfortable clothes that do not press or rub anywhere. It should be easy to put on and take off. It is worth considering the rule of three layers: underwear removes moisture, on it - clothes for heat, and the topmost layer - to protect from rain and wind.

Shoes should be comfortable and durable. You should not wear light urban sneakers: they can break, and you go barefoot the whole trip (it is far from always possible to get off the route right away). It is better to choose either special hiking shoes or sandals, or good tracking boots. They are stronger, breathe better and keep their foot, the sole does not slip so much. You can choose waterproof options that also reduce the amount of sand and pebbles falling into the shoes.

On a long hike, it’s good to wear special tracking socks - you can even take several pairs at once (two or three). There are different types for different conditions. They grasp the leg more tightly, remove moisture and breathe better. Professionals do not recommend wearing cotton socks - they easily crease and rub your feet. They are best left overnight.

Think about security

  1. Do not forget to put together a first-aid kit. In some pharmacies, ready-made ones are sold. If you will collect it yourself, be sure to put all the minimum necessary drugs:
    • painkillers
    • poisoning drugs,
    • antipyretic,
    • antispasmodic drugs
    • antiallergic drugs
    • antiseptics
    • bandages, cotton wool, plasters, elastic bandage,
    • greens
    • medicines you need for health reasons.
  2. If you go to the forest, it will be useful to familiarize yourself with the list of poisonous mushrooms and find out how they look. These include, for example, pale toadstool, fly agaric smelly, galerine bordered and many others. Pay attention also to dangerous double mushrooms, which are very similar to some edible ones. You can study this topic in more detail, for example, in the book “Inedible, Poisonous, and Hallucinogenic Mushrooms. Handbook-atlas ”by Mikhail Vishnevsky.
  3. Ask what plants can be used for food. It is not superfluous to read the book “Medicinal, poisonous and harmful plants” by Oleg Zhurba and Mikhail Dmitriev.
  4. Be sure to know how to behave when meeting wild animals.
  5. Inform the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the details of your trip if the path lies in hard-to-reach areas: these are not only mountains, forests and caves, but also just little-visited territories remote from civilization where there is no mobile communication. This must be done at least 10 days before the start of the trip. It is not necessary to submit such an application, but for your safety, do not neglect this. Contact the service for exact instructions on how to register your trip. More details can also be read on the website of the Ministry of Emergencies About registration of tourist groups in the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia, responsibility and rescue of tourists in an interview with IA TASS.

It will not be superfluous to notify relatives and friends of where you plan to be. Give them a travel plan with dates and coordinates, phone numbers of other participants in the campaign. Arrange a communication time to clarify the location.

Learn Survival Lessons

If something goes wrong during the trip, you will need survival skills while waiting for help. It would be nice to learn in advance:

  • To make a fire without matches. Option: focus sunlight through any convex glass, such as the bottom of a bottle, or even a plastic water bottle.
  • Create a place for an overnight stay from improvised materials. Option: make a hut from long branches and sticks (you can lean them, for example, on the trunk of a fallen tree) and cover them tightly with foliage, brushwood and everything else you find in the forest litter (you need to overlap the material). The more tightly laid, the better the roof will retain water.
  • Orient in the forest. Learn not only to use the compass, but also to determine directions by the sun, stars and wind.
  • Get water. For example, from plants: fill the bag with branches and leaves three quarters (just be sure to not select a poisonous specimen) and place it in the sun. The plant will release moisture, which will collect in a bag.
  • Attract attention if you are lost and are looking for you. There are special distress signals, for example three bonfires located in the shape of a triangle, or one very large and bright. There are many other characters that would be useful to learn and learn.

You can read about this and much more, for example, in the following books:

  • Life in the Wild by Bear Grylls.
  • "Methods of autonomous human survival in nature" edited by Leonid Mikhailov.
  • “Russian style of survival. How to stay alive alone in the forest ”by Mikhail Didenko.

Collecting just the right things

Hike, of course, is impossible without a backpack. It is best that it be durable and roomy, since many things will be needed. These should be the most necessary things, because heavy luggage will give an extra load on the body.

You need to be prepared for any weather vagaries. In particular, it can rain on the way. To protect yourself from rain, you should bring either an umbrella or waterproof clothing with a hood. One thing is better, because many things are an extra load.

If you have a trip with an overnight stay, then you definitely need to take a sleeping bag with you. Need one tent for five people. If there are more people, then there should be more tents.

It is definitely worth taking a first aid kit with you. You can assign this responsibility to someone alone to save space in your backpacks. If one of the guys has a chronic disease that involves taking specific medications, then he must take his medications with him.

In the medicine cabinet must be:

  • dressing bandage
  • harness
  • Adhesive plasters
  • cotton wool
  • tweezers,
  • iodine, zelenka,
  • alcohol,
  • hemostatic agents
  • antipyretic drugs
  • painkillers
  • allergy remedies,
  • laxative,
  • antibiotics
  • nitroglycerine,
  • insect repellents.

Tick ​​vaccinations are best done in advance, especially since there are all the possibilities. It’s better not to take cosmetics with you - this is superfluous.

The obligatory set of things includes the following products:

  • containers for food, for cooking,
  • forks
  • spoons
  • knife,
  • towel,
  • soap,
  • toothpaste and brush
  • several rolls of toilet paper,
  • thread, needle,
  • flashlight,
  • passport.

Dishwashing liquid should be taken by someone alone.

Food collection

Before collecting food, you should decide how long the trip will take. Depending on this, a certain amount of food is calculated. It is better to take products not perishable, but for the first time it is possible to take a little perishable. Among non-perishable foods are canned goods, crackers, dried fruits. You need salt and sugar in separate containers.

If along the way you will make a fire, it is better not to take firewood (they are heavy), but to build a bonfire in place of fallen branches. And accordingly, you need to take matches with you. You should also take old newspapers, dry chips, so that the bonfire burns better.

All products, especially perishable ones, must be sealed in plastic. Before this, they should be washed in advance so as not to waste water on the spot. From food it is better to take cereals, pasta, ingredients for soup. You can catch fish on the spot and make an ear out of it. From drinks you need to bring tea, coffee, cocoa. It is better to take milk in dry form. For dessert, you can take a few bars of chocolate, cookies or waffles.

In case hunger catches along the way, you need to take with you, for example, a bag of nuts or a packet of cookies.

Water is always needed, so it should be taken as much as possible. At least a liter per person, if the trip lasts an hour. And everything that requires washing should be washed at home.

Choosing the right clothes and shoes

Clothing and shoes should be athletic, closed and extremely comfortable to wear. It is better that the sneakers were also waterproof. For hiking, there are special hiking boots.

Clothing should cover areas of the body as much as possible so as not to pick up a tick. Pants should fit snugly. И между ними не должно быть пространства, куда могло бы пролезть насекомое. Нужно помнить, что клещи активизируются в апреле, а к июню их уже почти не бывает.

По пути придется преодолевать много природных препятствий: горы, лесные насаждения, камни. Лучше всего обуться в резиновые сапоги, ведь по пути могут встречаться и водоемы, и наводненные местности.

You need to bring the following types of clothing with you:

  • extra pants
  • replaceable t-shirts, shirts,
  • sleeping set
  • headdress,
  • set of socks,
  • Underwear.

The thinner the clothes - the more they can be taken to make room for other, more needed things. Headgear is selected depending on the time of year. In the summer you can take a panama hat, in the fall - a warm hat. On a cool summer, you should also take a warm knitted hat. If the weather is sunny, then sunglasses will not hurt. In summer, it is still advisable to apply sunscreen to the body.

If there are a lot of mosquitoes in the area where there will be a stop at the halt, then it would be nice to take linen clothes with you - it scares away these insects.

You should take removable shoes with you, because anything can happen on the road.

5. Spare socks

If you plan a trip, you need to take an extra pair of socks. If other clothes dry in the air, the socks will always remain wet.

You should always take a powerful flashlight with you, especially when hiking in the mountains. If the beam of the flashlight is not able to penetrate the fog, this is fraught with consequences.

8. Discomfort

It is always worth preparing for discomfort. When hiking, a person will always feel tired, he will be cold, damp, and you need to be prepared for this. The attractiveness of the trip will largely depend on the attitude towards it.

10. Map and compass

Although today everyone is accustomed to technology, but if someone is going to go “away from civilization”, he should take a map and a compass with him. It is worth preparing for the fact that the phone will not always be in touch. If you delve into the forest or climb into the mountains, there will not always be anyone to come to the rescue.

13. First aid kit

You should always take a first aid kit with you. Naturally, you won’t be safe from any case, but basic things, such as bandages, antiseptics, etc., should be at hand. It is also worth taking a lip balm with you, especially if you plan a trip somewhere to the north or to the mountains. Lip cracks are a guaranteed way to ruin an entire trip.

14. Inflatable pillows

Inflatable pillows are not the most comfortable thing in the world, but they are much better than a sweater rolled up in a roller under your head. No need to make your dream worse than it can be.

No need to leave shoes outside the tent, especially if the tourist is resting somewhere in the south. In such places is full of creeping creatures and insects.

However, you can go to nature on a camper. In this case, you need to remember about 7 useful things that are worth taking with you to nature.

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What to do if lost

In order not to get lost on the way, you should take care of such a device as a compass and a GPRS navigator in advance. And also to warn all loved ones about the campaign, as well as the route of the event. This is especially important if there is a delay in the way and the connection is broken. If a delay is expected, it is best to immediately inform the relatives about this so that they do not worry.

You need to carefully study the map of the area. Remember what is in the north, south, east and west.

And if the campaign will take place far from inhabited places, it is recommended to register in advance with the Ministry of Emergencies. To do this, two weeks before departure on the route, go to the appropriate department and leave a request. Better let the team leader do it.

If, nevertheless, the group got lost in an unfamiliar area, then it should be guided by natural signs. So, you need to remember from the school curriculum that lichens grow in the northern part of the area. The longest branches of the tree point south.